What are succulents?
Succulents are often confused for cacti. All cacti are succulents, but not all succulents are cacti. What makes a cactus a cactus is basically its thorns. Succulents are typically adorned with thick leaves, stems, or roots. The thicker parts of the plant are used to store water. They do well in places with high temperatures with little rainfall. They can store water to survive long periods with little or no moisture.
Succulents cannot survive in freezing temperatures. While some may last through a cold lbrief spell, these plants will thrive in warmer temperatures. They are often characterized by spiky, needle-shaped or rosette-shaped leaves.
- Succulents do not like to live in wet soil. As plants accustomed to high temperatures and little moisture, they can actually rot, contract disease, or die if overwatered. Potting in a planter that has slots for drainage can help prevent overwatering.
- Use succulent/cacti soil or soil that drains well: Using the correct type of soil will help your plant thrive. Because succulents don’t appreciate overwatering, using soil that drains will keep your plants appropriately moist.
- Plenty of sunlight (at least half a day): These plants hail from hot, dry climates and love plenty of sunlight. Although they will go dormant in the winter and require less sunlight, most succulents like at least a half day to a full day of sunlight depending on what type of plant you have chosen.
- Water heavily, but not often: Overwatering is an issue with succulents. Watering every day and leaving the plant with soaking soil will kill your succulent. However, simply misting them will also leave them wanting more. Supply your plant with a large amount of water about once a week (also varies depending on the variety and temperature of your space). Check the soil to see that it is drying between waterings.
- Maintain a warm temperature: Succulents like about 70-80 degrees in summer months and 50-60 in winter months.
- Remove dry leaves gently.
- Add soil as needed.
Succulents grow the fastest between the fall and summer seasons. Some grow faster and some slower. Throughout the year, you will notice that some succulents have outgrown their pot/container. How do I know my succulents have outgrown the pot? Observing and caring for your plant is key! Below you will find some basic tips that will help you identify if your succulent or plant has outgrown its pot/container:
- Roots coming through the bottom of the pot
- The soil medium dries up too fast after watering
- Your plants are top heavy and toppling over
- Your plant is looking sickly and yellow and or shriveling
- You haven’t re potted your plant for a very long time
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